Glossary

General Terms
   
Japanese Translation
   
Dōjō (doh-joh) Training Hall
Sensei (sehn-seh-ee) Instructor
Rei (reh-ee)/lei (leh-ee) Bow
Yōi (yoh-ee) Ready
keiko gi (keh-ee-koh gee)/ gi(gee) Training Uniform
Kyū (kyoo) White/Brown belt rank
obi (oh-bee) Training Uniform Belt
kiai (kee-ah-ee) Vocal expulsion of air
dan (dahn) Black Belt Rank
mokusō (moh-koo-soh) Meditation
hajime (hah-jee-meh) Begin
yame (yah-meh) Stop
kumite (koo-mee-teh) Sparring
kata (kah-tah) Formal exercise/forms
Oss Respectful greeting or acknowledgment or understanding of a command
Jodan (Joh-dahn) Head
Chudan (Choo-dahn) Middle body
Gedan (geh-dahn) Lower body
   
Numbers
   
Japanese Translation
   
Ichi (ee-chee) One
Ni (nee) Two
San (sahn) Three
Shi (shee) Four
Go (goh) Five
Roku (roh-koo) Six
Shichi (shee-chee) Seven
Hachi (hah-chee) Eight
ku (koo) / kyū (kyoo) Nine
Jū (joo) Ten
   
Dachi (dah-chee) – Stances
   
Japanese Translation
   
Kiba-dachi (kee-bah-dah-chee) Horse Stance
Zenkutsu-dachi (zehn-koo-tsoo-dah-chee) Front stance
Kōkutsu-dachi (koh-koo-tsoo-dah-chee) Back stance
Fudō-dachi (foo-doh-dah-chee) Immovable stance
Shizentai (shee-zehn-tah-ee) Natural stance
Heisoku-dachi (heh-ee-soh-koo-dah-chee) Close-leg stance
   
Blocks – Uke (oo-keh) Harai (hah-rah-ee) changes to barai (bah-rah-ee) when used after other words. Harai is one kind of block
   
Japanese Translation
   
Gedan-barai (geh-dahn-bah-rah-ee) Lower / Downward Block
Age-uke (ah-geh-oo-keh) Rising Block
Ude-uke (oo-deh-oo-keh) Forearm Block
Tetsui-uke (teh-tsoo-ee-oo-keh)/Tettsui-uke (teht-tsoo-ee-oo-keh) Hammer block
Shutō-uke (shoo-toh-oo-keh) Knife-hand block
Jūji-uke (joo-jee-oo-keh) Cross-arm block
Morote-uke (moh-roh-the-oo-keh) Two-hand Block
Teishō-uke (teh-ee-shoh-oo-keh) Palm-heel Block
   
Hand Techniques – Te Waza (teh-wah-zah) Thrust tsuki (tsoo-kee) changes to zuki (zoo-kee) when used after other words
   
Japanese Translation
   
Oi-zuki (oh-ee-zoo-kee) Lunge Punch
Gyaku-zuki (gyah-koo-zoo-kee) Reverse punch
Bari-bari (bah-ree-bah-ree) Continuous punches alternating hands
Renzoku-zuki (rehn-zoh-koo-zoo-kee)/Ren-zuki (rehn-zoo-kee) Continuous punching attacks
Kibadachi-zuki (kee-bah-dah-chee-zoo-kee) Punching with horse stance
Morote-zuki (moh-roh-teh-zoo-kee) Double Punch
Kagi-zuki (kah-gee-zoo-kee) Hook Punch
Age-zuki (ah-geh-zoo-kee) Rising punch
   
Kicks – Keri (keh-ree) Keri (keh-ree) changes to geri (geh-ree) when used after other words
   
Japanese Translation
   
Mae-geri (mah-eh-geh-ree) Front Kick
Mawashi-geri (mah-wah-shee-geh-ree) Roundhouse kick
Yokogeri-kekomi (yoh-koh-geh-ree-keh-koh-mee) Side-thrust Kick
Yokogeri-keage (yoh-koh-geh-ree-keh-ah-geh) Side-up Kick
Mikazuki-geri (mee-kah-zoo-kee-geh-ree) Crescent Kick
Fumikomi (foo-mee-koh-mee) Stamping Kick
ushiro-geri (oo-shee-roh-geh-ree) Rear Kick
Nidan-geri (nee-dahn-geh-ree) Double Front Kick
Tobi-geri (toh-bee-geh-ree) Flying Front Kick
Tobi-yokogeri (toh-bee-yoh-koh-geh-ree) Flying side-thrust Kick
Maeashi-geri (mah-eh-ah-shee-geh-ree) Front Kick With Front Leg
Maeashi-kekomi (mah-eh-ah-shee-keh-koh-mee) Front-thrust Kick